Shoko Asahara, the doomsday cult leader who masterminded the Tokyo subway sarin attack in 1995, has been executed alongside six of his followers.
Thirteen people were killed and thousands more injured when members of the Aum Shinrikyo cult dumped bags of sarin on packed rush hour trains, piercing the pouches with sharpened umbrella tips before fleeing.
The nerve agent caused horrendous deaths and injuries, and prompted mass panic, turning Japan's busy capital city into something resembling a war zone.
Born Chizuo Matsumoto, Asahara, 63, was hanged today after he had been on death row for nearly 14 years.
As many as 12 of his followers were still awaiting execution but it was not immediately clear how many had been executed today.
Shoko Asahara (pictured in police custody in September 1995), the cult leader who masterminded the Tokyo subway sarin attack in 1995, has been executed
Victims are treated after the sarin nerve gas attack in Tokyo in March 1995 which caused horrendous casualties
Asahara was sentenced to death in 2004 with his cult held responsible for the deaths of 29 people in total.
years of legal proceedings, the prosecution of 13 Aum Shinrikyo members
on death row for the attacks and other crimes finally concluded in
January, clearing the way for their execution.
Passengers streamed out of stations vomiting after the attack, coughing and struggling to breathe, with emergency services administering life-saving treatment by the side of the road.
Ambulances screamed through the streets, and helicopters landed on major roads to assist the evacuation of those affected, while passengers convulsed on platforms.
The Japanese Self-Defense Force was called
in and descended into the depths in hazmat suits and gas masks to
assist the injured and deal with the poison.
The sarin had been released in liquid form on five subway carriages at different points throughout the network.
was one of many attacks carried out by the Aum Supreme Truth cult,
which mixed Buddhist and Hindu meditation with apocalyptic teachings.
Asahara developed an obsession with sarin, becoming paranoid that his enemies would attack him with it. He was arrested at a commune near Mount Fuji two months after the subway attack.
Japanese defence personnel clean sarin off platforms after the horrific attack in 1995
He talked incoherently, occasionally babbling in broken English, during his eight-year trial and never acknowledged his responsibility or offered meaningful explanations.
WHO WAS SHOKO ASAHARA?
- Born Chizuo Matsumoto on March 2 1955
- Loses all sight in his left eye as a child, partially blind in his right eye
- Founded doomsday cult Aum Shinrikyo in 1984
- Changed name to Shoko Asahara in 1987
- Declared himself 'Christ' in 1992
- Arrested in 1995 after group carried out sarin nerve gas attack in Tokyo
- Sentenced to death in 2004
- Executed by hanging on July 6 2018
2016 Seiichi Endo, Satoru Hashimoto, Kiyohide Hayakawa, Yasuo Hayashi,
Kenichi Hirose, Yoshihiro Inoue, Kazuaki Miyamae, Tomomasa Nakagawa,
Tomomitsu Niimi, Toru Toyota, Masami Tsuchiya and Masato Yokoyama were
all on death row for their role in the gas attack, according to Amnesty
The Aum cult was also
responsible for an attack on the mountain resort city of Matsumoto in
central Japan a year earlier, when sarin was used to kill eight people.
Tsutsumi Sakamoto, who had been working on a case against the group,
was one of its earliest victims when he, his wife and child were
murdered in 1989.
Asahara was born Chizuo Matsumoto in 1955 on the southwestern island of Kyushu and changed his name in the 1980s, when the Aum cult was being developed.
Virtually blind, he was seen as a charismatic speaker who cloaked himself in mysticism to draw recruits to the doomsday cult he developed in the 1980s.
Tokyo Fire Department personnel in hazmat suits respond to the sarin attack in March 1995
Asahara is transferred to Tokyo District Court in 1995 after the deadly attack in March that year
Founded in 1984, the group attracted many young people, even graduates of top universities, whom Asahara hand-picked as close aides.
The cult amassed an arsenal of chemical, biological and conventional weapons to carry out Asahara's escalating criminal orders in anticipation of an apocalyptic showdown with the government.
cult claimed 10,000 members in Japan and 30,000 in Russia. It has
disbanded, though nearly 2,000 people follow its rituals in three
splinter groups, monitored by authorities.
Now renamed Aleph, it officially disowned Asahara in 2000, but it was never banned.
Japanese authorities usually announce executions after the fact, with no advance warning. Accomplices in a crime are customarily hanged on the same day.
survivors of the cult's crimes have opposed the executions because that
would eliminate hopes for a fuller explanation of the crimes.
Sarin attacks the nervous system and victims die within minutes either through respiratory failure or a heart attack as they choke on their own mucus or saliva.
Japanese lawyer Tsutsumi Sakamoto, his son Tatsuhiko and his wife Itsuko who were murdered in November 1989 by members of the cult